Cape Town, a city of South Africa, has become the world’s major city where the drinking water shortage has become a key problem.
Apparently, the 70 percent of the earth has water, but the only 3 percent of water is drinkable which is not enough when the people living on earth are facing an increase in population and environmental pollution problems.
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Almost 1 billion people on the earth are facing the water shortage problem. In 2014, 500 major cities of the world have been surveyed, according to the details, every one out of the four cities is facing the shortage problem.
According to the United Nations’ prediction, in 2030, the need of fresh and neat water will increase up to 40 percent.
There are six other cities in the world which might face water shortage in the near future.
Bengaluru is the capital of India’s southern Karnataka state. After becoming center of the technology-related companies, the population of the city has extremely increased which caused the fresh water shortage.
Beijing is the capital of China. In 2014, the 20 million residents of Beijing have one lac and forty-five thousand liters fresh water to use. China is the 20 percent of the world’s population and has only 7 percent of the world’s fresh water.
According to the government’s stats of 2015, the 40 percent of water is extremely polluted which cannot be used even for the agriculture and industrial purposes.
Cairo is the capital of Egypt. Nile River provides 97 percent of fresh water to Egypt, but due to residential and agriculture waste, it becomes too much polluted.
According to the United Nations’ report, the number of fatalities is increasing due to the polluted water and till 2025 the city will probably run out of the water.
Moscow is the capital of one of the populated countries in the world, Russia. Moscow has a huge storage of the fresh water but due to agriculture steps are taken in the Soviet Union era, the city is now facing water shortage problem. The 70 percent of the Moscow’s water easily available on the surface of the earth which becomes contaminated easily.
Istanbul is a major city in Turkey that straddles Europe and Asia across the Bosphorus Strait. According to the local stats, the residents of the city are facing water shortage. By 2030, this problem will reach its extreme level.
London, the capital of England and the United Kingdom, is a 21st-century city with the history stretching back to Roman times. You will be shocked to know that the people of London are also facing fresh water shortage.
According to the Greater London Authority, in 2025, the level of fresh water will start decreasing and till 2040 it will reach an extreme level.