A huge moon cave has been discovered by scientists at Japan’s space agency. This cave can provide shelter to astronauts from risky radiation and extreme temperature fluctuations as per officials.
As per information gathered from Japan’s SELENE lunar orbiter, there is confirmed existence of a 50 kilometer (31 miles) long and 100-meter wide cave. It is, in reality, a lava tube that was developed 3.5 billion years ago due to a volcanic activity.
Geophysical Research Letters a US science magazine published the findings related to the cave
Junichi Haruyama, a researcher at the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency said, “We’ve known about these locations that were thought to be lava tubes…but their existence has not been confirmed until now.”
An underground tunnel is present under an area named Marius Hills. It would aid astronauts from massive fluctuations in temperature and dangerous radiation that they will be exposed to on the moon.
He further said, “We haven’t actually seen the inside of the cave itself so there are high hopes that exploring it will offer more details.”
This announcement has been made after Japan confirmed that the country has plans to place an astronaut on Moon by 2030. It will be a big step for the whole world and finding a cave is yet another achievement.
Also read: Moon village, a step to explore Mars
First of all, Japan will help develop a space station in the moon’s orbit by collaborating with NASA by 2025.
Other than Japan, US is also highly interested in sending an astronaut to the moon.
US Vice President Mike Pence said, “We will return American astronauts to the moon, not only to leave behind footprints and flags but to build the foundations we need to send Americans to Mars and beyond.”
China and India are also interested in developing space programs.
China’s Shenzhou-11 spacecraft in November came back to earth after the longest-ever orbital mission and it brought back two astronauts as well. The country also revealed illustrations of a Mars journey and the goal to send astronauts to Red Planet by end of the decade.