World Economic Forum (WEF) has published the Global Gender Gap Index Report 2020 in which Pakistan ranks 151 out of 153 countries. Pakistan has only managed to surpass Iraq and Yemen.
Pakistan has been placed 150 in economic participation and opportunity, 143 in educational attainment, 149 in health and survival and 93 in political empowerment.
The overall ranking of Pakistan has gone down drastically from 112 in 2006 to 151 in 2020. In terms of economic participation, Pakistan’s ranking has gone down from 112 to 150. In educational attainment, the ranking has gone down from 110 to 143 while in health and survival the ranking has gone down from 112 to 149. In terms of political empowerment, the ranking has gone down from 37 to 93.
The economic opportunities for women in Pakistan are quite limited, as per the report. Only 32.7% of the gap between men and women in the workplace has been bridged.
The gap has widened to 94.6% in health and survival. This clearly indicates that women in Pakistan do not have the same access to healthcare as men have.
Pakistan has ranked at the very bottom in terms of the gender gap among the seven South Asian countries. Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Bhutan ranked at 50th, 101, 102, 112, 123, and 131 positions respectively.
Two-thirds of the gender gap in South Asia has closed. 860 million women live in the region. Three-fourth of them live in India.
In South Asia, the gender gap is the second-largest following the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.