Pakistan is ranked the 9th largest arms importer in the world. As per a report by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Pakistan has seen a 36% decrease in arms imports. As per non-government organizations, the decrease in weapon import in Pakistan can be because of Pakistan’s worsening relationship with the USA.
The arms expert in Sweden feels that sales of arms to Pakistan have been inspected in recent times as the enforcement of global sanctions has put certain organizations and arms dealers in blacklists.
It was also noted that the internal economic condition has resulted in the financial crisis and affected the decline in sales.
Though Pakistan is the 9th biggest arms importer in the globe because of conflicts with India and domestic tensions the arms imports have decreased in last five years, as per the non-government organizations report.
In this fiscal year, Pakistan set aside $7 billion for its armed forces and bought 2.8% of the weapons that were sold all around the world in years 2013 to 2017. In between 2008 to 2012 Pakistan purchased 4.9% of the total global arms imports. Thus in comparison, 36% decrease was witnessed this time.
It was also revealed that Pakistan imports most of the weapons from China, while the USA is second in the list exporting 12% of total weapons imported in Pakistan and Russia, is third.
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It was also reported that India is the biggest arms importer in the whole world. In past five years, the import of weapons has surged by 24% in India. India depends upon Russia for this immense supply of weapons. China is the fifth largest weapon importer in the world, getting supply from Russia, France, and Ukraine.
The USA is the biggest exporter of weapons in years between 2013 to 2017. As for being the importer of arms, it is the 14th largest importer as well.
As per Jan Eliasson Chair of the SIPRI Governing Board “The increased flow of arms raises concerns over their impact on international peace and security. It stresses the need to improve and implement international mechanisms such as the Arms Trade Treaty.”
As per Pieter Wezeman, Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms and Military Expenditure Programme “widespread violent conflict in the Middle East and concerns about human rights have led to a political debate in Western Europe and North America about restricting arms sales to these countries”.