Pakistan has been ranked the 8th most affected place from Climate Change in ‘The Long-Term Climate Risk Index (CRI): the 10 countries most affected from 1998 to 2017 (annual averages)’. The Climate risk index indicates the most affected places from climate change by looking at the 20 year average. Pakistan ranking was based on the loss of 10,248 lives and $3.8 billion equivalent to 0.5% loss. In ‘the climate risk index for 2017: the 10 most affected countries’, short term ranking, Pakistan is ranked on the 33rdposition. This ranking was based on the loss of 262 lives and $384.52 million equivalent to 0.036% of the GDP loss.
The 14th edition of the global Climate Risk Index was published on COP24 climate change conference sidelines. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Katowice, Poland, Germanwatch hosted the conference. Based on the data provided by the Nat Cat SERVICE-database of MunichRe, the ranking revealed the countries that were most affected by the extreme weather conditions.
The report on the Global Climate Risk Index 2019 highlights extreme weather events including floods, storms, etc. These events were fuel by the 2017 climate change. The report further unveiled that in last 20 years from1998 to 2017, over 11500 extreme weather events resulted in the loss of 526,000lives & $3.47 trillion capital globally.
Lead authors of the Global Climate Risk Index 2019 report DavidEckstein of Germanwatch, said, “Countries like Pakistan are repeatedly getting affected from extreme weather events and have no time to fully recover. It is important to support it in climate change adaptation – but that is not sufficient. They need predictable and reliable financial support for dealing with climate-induced loss and damage as well.”
Adding, “Many countries from South and South East Asia rank fairly high in our analysis. Intense monsoon seasons, featuring heavy rainfalls that are often accompanied by flooding, landslides etc, pose a big challenge for these countries, including Pakistan. That Pakistan has a share of less than one per cent in global emissions underscores the unfairness that also becomes apparent looking at the results of our index: those countries that have the least responsibility for increasing the likeliness of these events, have to bear the biggest impacts.”
Further stating that Pakistan needs to control the effects of climate change by keeping the global warming less that 1.5 degrees. He said, “Pakistan has to increase efforts, in the context of common but differentiated responsibilities, to reduce domestic missions from all sectors. At the same time, the government should assess and identify local communities most affected and develop national and local adaptation strategies on how to deal with the impacts, relying on international support to do this, eg through the Green Climate Fund.”
Advisor to the Ministry of Climate Change Malik Amin Aslam Khan said, “The relative climate calm with no extraordinary flooding or freak rainfall event in 2017 has helped us to recover from the globally seventh position we were unenviably on last year.”
Adding, “However, the report clearly indicates that over along-term horizon Pakistan, unfortunately, remains among countries which are afflicted with continuous climate calamities. We are one of the continuous affectees of climate change as over the 20 year period, we are fourth in terms of the number of climate triggered events and second in terms of the total climate losses which come to the tune of $3.8billion according to the report. This is in-line with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report, where Pakistan is included in the climate hot spots.”