The latest report of the Global Climate Risk Index has placed Pakistan on the fifth spot on the list of countries that remained most affected by climate change during the last two decades.
Global Climate Risk Index annual report for 2020 was released by the think tank Germanwatch. As per its report, 9,989 lives were lost in Pakistan and the country has lost $3.8 billion. Also, from 1999 to 2018 the country has witnessed 152 extreme weather events.
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The think tank, based on the data made this conclusion that the vulnerability of Pakistan to climate change is increasing.
Experts said that the data indicates that the government and global leaders are not doing enough to handle the challenges and issues that will be raised due to climate change.
The PM’s aide said that the economy of Pakistan is continuously at risk from climate change catastrophes.
In the report, Pakistan was mentioned among the countries that were, “recurrently affected by catastrophes [and] continuously rank among the most affected countries both in the long-term index and in the index for the respective year”.
The 10 most affected countries by climate change are Puerto Rico, Myanmar, Haiti, Philippines, Pakistan, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Thailand, Nepal and Dominica.
Pakistan is continuously ranked high in climate change risk index ranking because of its geographical location.
One of the co-authors of the report David Eckstein said, “the entire region where Pakistan is located is prone to extreme weather events, in particular, heavy rainfalls e.g. during monsoon season, and floodings as a result”.
Adviser to the Prime Minister on Climate Change Malik Amin Aslam Khan said, “Our ranking over the long-term index went up from eight to fifth because the period used amplifies our most climate catastrophic events in 2010/2011 when the super floods hit [the country].
Adding, “In terms of economic costs at $3.8 billion, we are number three over a 20-year period. What this means is that our economy is constantly at risk from climate catastrophes and this is not just an environmental challenge but an issue impacting our economy, human health, agriculture, and ecosystem.”
Dr. Adil Najam Dean of Pardee School of Global Studies, Boston University said, “The report clearly indicates that the world hasn’t acted, so the vulnerability of the whole world is increasing, and since Pakistan hasn’t acted, things are worsening for us too.”