A report published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri) reveals that Pakistan is world’s eleventh largest arms importer
India was the world’s second-largest arms importer over the past 5 years, as per the new data released by the Sweden-based institute.
A senior researcher at Sipri Siemon T. Wezeman said, “As in previous years, in 2019 India and Pakistan — which are nuclear-armed states — attacked each other using an array of imported major arms.”
Adding, “Many of the world’s largest arms exporters have supplied these two states for decades, often exporting arms to both sides.”
Between 2010-14 and 2015-19, the arms industry of Pakistan and India decreased by 32% and 39% respectively, as per Sipri.
China has 73% of the total arms imported by Pakistan in 2015-19. It is pertinent to mention here that even though Pakistan and India have a long-standing aim to produce their own major arms, they have been dependent on imports.
As per Sipri, as issues between Pakistan and India heightened in early 2019, Pakistan, as per reports, used combat aircraft imported from China. It is equipped with Russian engines, and combat aircraft from the United States supported by airborne early warning and control aircraft from Sweden.
As per reports, India used combat aircraft imported from France and Russia, guided bombs from Israel and artillery from Sweden. The report stated that China is the world’s fifth-largest export of weapons. It accounts for 51% of Pakistan’s arms imports in 2010-14 and for 73% from 2015 to 2019. The reason for the decrease in arms imports of Pakistan was linked to US decision to stop military aid to Pakistan.