Pakistan is one of the only countries in the world with increasing mangrove cover as per the Adviser to the Prime Minister on Climate Change Malik Amin Aslam. At a time when climate change has become a global threat, Pakistan is one of the only countries with increasing mangrove cover.
Mangroves are a group of trees and shrubs that inhabit the coastal intertidal zone. They act as a barrier to protect coastal regions against the catastrophic natural phenomenon like cyclones, wind storms, flooding, soil erosion, etc. For instance, Pakistan has approximately 600,000 hectares of the mangrove ecosystem.
PM’s aide addressed an event at the COP25 in Madrid and said, “Not only do they [mangroves] protect our coastal areas from storms they are also high carbon-sequestering instruments.”
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Panel organized the event on Addressing Global Climate Challenges through Nature-based Solutions.
Aslam said, “In Pakistan, an extremely vulnerable country,
we have managed to make nature a shareholder in providing solutions.”
He pointed out that Pakistan consistently appeared in the top 10 list of both the long- and short-term Climate Risk Index brought out by German watch every year, which was why they had “to react and adapt”.
He said that the Billion Tree Tsunami project has turned around deforestation in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province by “relying on nature to do the job”.
Furthermore, he said that 60% of the billion trees come from “assisted natural regeneration” of forests.
Initially, they did not expect nature to reemerge so quickly. Then once the forest areas were protected, 2,500 saplings per hectare regenerated instead of the expected growth of 1,000 saplings per hectare
Aslam said, “It was also cost-effective.” Adding, “We also created half a million jobs.”