A list is issued by the United Nations’ Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of 41 nations that are facing food scarcity due to different reasons.
Pakistan is among the 41 countries that are facing food scarcity. 31 countries out of total on the list were from Africa. Many South Asian and Middle Eastern countries are included in the list i.e. Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, and Syria.
Two main reasons were identified as the major causes for a food shortage, that is, conflict and rain scarcity.
Conflict is considered the primary cause of food scarcity. The report states that countries like Iraq, Yemen, Syria, South Sudan, and Afghanistan are facing civil unrest. Thus, they are more prone to hunger and food shortage.
Also, rain scarcity is another cause of food shortage, especially in African countries,
The report added, “Poor precipitation, including severe dryness in East Africa, is exacerbating the food insecurity situation in several countries in the region.”
Due to low rainfall, Pakistan also faces food insecurity.
The 41 countries that are facing food shortages are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, The Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, The Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Venezuela, Yemen, and Zimbabwe.