Pakistan is one of the leading mango producers in the world. But it is quite disturbing that Pakistan’s production capacity has gone down by 50% from last year. The industry players are quite concerned that due to climate change and other factors affecting Mango’s production, this number will further decline.
Expectations are that this year mango production will be higher but the issues still remain.
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Pakistan Fruit & Vegetable Exporters, Importers & Merchants Association (PFVA) Patron-in-Chief Waheed Ahmed said, “I haven’t seen a yield so low since I started working in 1995.”
Last year Pakistan registered its lowest production is history going down to 0.9 million tons
“Other veterans of the industry tell me it was the worst in Pakistan’s history.”
The leading mango producers in the world are India, China, Thailand, Mexico, and Pakistan. But Pakistan might just not be the part of this list anymore as issues like climate change and water scarcity hinder mango production.
Ahmed said, “Winters have been longer for a few years now due to climate change, which has been impacting yield. Moreover, there were frequent hailstorms and strong winds, which forced production of mangoes to drop. There’s water shortage as well. All these have adversely affected not only mango production but also agriculture as a whole.”
As per Germanwatch’s Global Climate Risk Index 2018 report, Pakistan is the 7th most exposed nation to global warming.
Ahmed added, “Along with low production, the smaller size of mango is also of great concern to exporters. Due to increase in demand and shortage of supply this year, the wholesale price of mango is expected to increase from Rs2,400 to Rs3,000 per 40kg approximately.”
Furthermore, Ahmed said, “Other countries have already started dealing with the global warming issue. But unfortunately, Pakistan has lagged behind that could imperil the country’s food security.”
Ahmed disclosed that the “industry has been facing a higher air freight expense compared to neighboring India.”
“Airlines from the Middle East take an undertaking from Pakistan exporters that they won’t be responsible for late delivery or even in case the number of boxes are less when the shipment reaches its destination.
“We have approached the Competition Commission of Pakistan (CCP) to resolve this issue. I have seen many exporters losing a lot of money due to late delivery and sometimes due to mistakes on the part of the airlines.”