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Kashmir Conflict: The Possible Solutions for Pakistan and India

The Indo-Pak conflict over the territory of Kashmir dates back to independence in 1947. Let us look at different techniques that can be used to resolve the Kashmir issue.

Solution Number 1: Instead of  India and Pakistan both gaining entire control over Kashmir as they desire, the Chenab Formula can be adopted. Through this formula the areas of the Kashmir Valley and three Jammu Muslim dominated districts that are Poonch, Rajouri and Doda can join Pakistan. These areas fall on the right bank of the Chenab river. The rest of the Kashmir can go to India.

Also read: Amnesty International urges Indian government to ensure safety of Kashmiris after Pulwama attack

Solution Number 2:  Kashmir dispute can be resolved by expanding the resources through Joint sovereignty. Both India and Pakistan would have equal jurisdiction over the territory, with residents having Kashmiri passports under the jurisdiction of both countries. Both Indian and Pakistani currencies will be in circulation. Thus  joint sovereignty is an effective way to solve the Kashmir issue.

Solution Number 3: For India, Kashmir is a symbol of secular nationalism, a possibility in which in a Hindu-majority country, a Muslim-majority area lives and prosper. From an economic perspective India is not wholly dependent on Kashmir as Indus river that passes from Jammu & Kashmir, is one of the two river system supporting the Indian population. However, Pakistan’s economy is almost completely dependent on the Indus River System.

The water of the Indus, Jhelum and Chenab rivers all flow through Kashmir before they reach Pakistan. The agriculture of the Punjab and Sindh that is the backbone of Pakistan’s economy depends on the water of these rivers to a large extent. If Kashmir is given to India, Pakistan will economically and strategically become dependent on India. In this scenario, India can give up Kashmir to Pakistan and can compensate in another way. Pakistan can increase import from India, also, as a compensation, Pakistan can help India in accessing the European and Central Asian markets as India needs that support.

Solution Number 4: The Pak-India dispute over Kashmir issue is mainly a water conflict but security concerns, tourism benefits, trade are also sub-issues of Kashmir conflict. If, India is given a priority in other aspects of Kashmir issue like tourism and trade and Pakistan over the water dispute, the conflict can resolve.

Solution Number 5:  Indians have a “strong preference for converting the LOC into an international border” without a negotiation while Pakistanis have a “virtual consensus… for a fundamental renegotiation of the LOC”. Thus, LOC can be converted in to an International border. India will win here but for Pakistan cost can be reduced by ensuring that even after LoC is made an international border, the water flown to Pakistan through Kashmir receives no interference from India.

Media coordinator and junior editor at Research Snipers RS-NEWS, I studied mass communication and interested technology business, I have 3 years experience in the media industry.

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