The report shows that female participation in labour force, female unemployment rate and employment to population ratio has been improved significantly leaving male behind.
It is limpid like spring water that females are more actively participating in Pakistan’s economy now than ever before, but the question remains, females are working hard or its more importantly social and cultural dynamics that are constantly changing in the country which encourages women to take part in the country’s economy by working like men.
You may ask these questions yourself or an expert on the subject, but the report on the data below has some encouraging and promising figures.
The report is based on data acquired from Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS), the data indicates the period from 2001 to 2013.
In 2001 the unemployment rate in females was identified at 16.4% which was reduced to 9.1 percent in 2013. It can be estimated that current unemployment rate among females in Pakistan would be around 8 to 9 percent or even less. On contrary unemployment rate among Males was recorded to 6.2% in 2001 which fell in 2013 to 5.1%, this indicates almost 90 to 100% improvement in female’s unemployment rate.
Employment to population ratio
Employment to population ratio refers to the percentage of total population of male or female to a total number of employed male or female. Male employment to population ratio in 2001 was 77.6 percent which was reduced to 77.0 percent in 2013. However, Female employment to population ratio was 13.6 percent in 2001 which indicates 13.6 out of 100 females are employed in Pakistan. The figures jumped to 22.1 percent in 2013.
Labor force participation rate
Labor force participation rate refers to the total labour force over the number of gender participation; the data shows that female participation in the labour force in 2001 was 16.2 percent which leapfrogged to 24.3 percent in 2013. Whereas male participation remained constant with little fluctuations during the years under review around 80 percent.