The festival of Eid is the most celebrated and religiously practised one by all the Muslims across the world. In Islam two times Eid is observed, once in the month of Shawwal (the ninth month as per Islamic calendar) which is called Eid-ul-Fitr and once in the month of Zil-Hajj which is popularly called Eid-ul-Adha (the twelfth month of Islamic calendar).
Eid-ul-Fitr word is originated from the Arabic language. In English, it means the festival of breaking the fast. This Eid is observed after Ramzan—the holy month of fasting for Muslims.
Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated for a span of three days and falls on the first of Shawwal. It has got no fixed date as per the Georgian calendar. The holidays are declared as per moon sighting committee that reports the time of the moon sighting in their respective countries or regions.
Families distribute food items that are like the basic food commodities essential of survival like rice, dates or barley to the underprivileged a day before the Eid or at the start of Ramzan. The donation is referred to as the Sadaqah-al-Fitr (the charity of breaking the fast).
It is referred with various names in different nations. It is called as
- Ramazan Bayram (Ramadan Feast) in Turkey,
- Idul Fitri or Lebaran in Indonesia
- Hari Raya (Celebration Day) Aidilfitri or Hari Raya Puasa in Southeast Asia
- Choti Eid in Pakistan
People do not fast on the Eid day and tradition is recognized and practised by eating a small sweet like a date or eating some sweet dish in small quantity, before going to attend the special Eid prayer.
On Eid day people try waking up early and then go for the prayers after consuming some breakfast. At the mosque, a sermon is given, after which prayer is offered in a group called Salat-al-Eid.
The celebration is not complete without the all-time favourite delicacies or sweets which includes sheer khurma—a dish that is made with seviyaan (vermicelli) and dates in milk and baklava—a form of sweet pastry.
Eid gifts are called Eidi. It is often given to children and young people by close relatives on the day of the festival.