China launches satellite first mission to the dark side of the moon

China has launched on Monday a relay satellite, allowing the rover to communicate with earth from the dark side of the moon during a mission planned later this year.

The satellite named “The Quegiao (“Magpie Bridge”)” was fired into space from the launch center at Xichang, early dawn, said Chinese National Space Administration. The authority informed that the satellite dismantled itself from the carrier Long March-4C rocket after 25 minutes, the satellite opened up its solar panels and antennas for communication while heading towards its destination.

Xinhua News reported that “China is the first country to launch this type of satellite in order to investigate soft-land on and rove the far side of the Moon” Zhang Lihua, manager of the relay satellite project was quoted in the report.

China has sent this satellite to relay communications between controllers on Earth and the far side of the moon, where the country has planned to send the Chang’e-4 lunar probe—named after moon goddess in Chinese Mythology. The Satellite would be sent later this year.

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The “dark side” of the moon has never been explored; the far hemisphere is never visible directly from the earth. The photographs taken in 1959 are the only exploration done by the scientists.

The new Satellite Chang’e-4 rover will go for Aitken Basin in the lunar South Pole region—Xinhua informed. The second Chinese probe to land on the moon after the Yutu (“Jade Rabbit”) rover mission in 2013.

Yutu previously encountered problems which seemed to be a failure when the rover stopped sending signals back to Earth, however, the machine was recovered and it continued to survey the moon’s surface for 31 months beyond its expected lifespan.

Chinese Space Technology

China is not only leading the mobile market, making consumer products and doing trade with other countries, but also the country is working hard on space technology. The CNSA has plans to send one more lunar rover, Chang’e-5 somewhere next year in order to collect samples from the moon.

The country is investing billions of dollars in R&D of its military-run space programme, the country hopes to build a crewed space station by 2022. China is also mulling to send astronauts to the moon in the near future.

China has also added a new receiver to its “World’s Largest Radio Telescope” to make it more sophisticated.

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