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All you need to know about the Construction of Kalabagh, Katzarah, and Bhasha Dam in Pakistan


Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) report suggested that Pakistan might have no water by 2025. This has forced the relevant authorities & Supreme Court of Pakistan to take action. The construction of dams especially Kalabagh dam in Pakistan is being talked about a lot.

Kalabagh Dam

Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) President Malik Tahir Javaid said, “Research reports have warned that Pakistan will have absolute water scarcity by the year 2025 if water reservoirs are not built.”

He claimed that perception about Kalabagh dam is just false if constructed the dam would equally benefit all the provinces of Pakistan and if it is delayed, the water shortage in Sindh and other provinces will worsen.

Also read: India has started construction of Pakal Dul Dam on Western Rivers

Before construction of Mangla and Tarbela dams average water supply to Sindh was 36.6 million acre-feet yearly. After their construction, it reached to 40.30 million acre-feet. He said, “Kalabagh Dam will supply an additional 4 million acre-feet to the southern province.”

Katzarah Dam

A dam site is located on the Indus at the head of the valley at Katzarah, where the three rivers, Indus, Shiok and Shigar meet. The site of the dam is 18km downstream of Skardu and it will store water in three gorges. In 1957 the dam site was discovered by Engineer Fateh Ullah. Upon this discovery, President Pakistan Mohammed Ayub Khan requested the World Bank to find the dam locations in Pakistan. The dam site Katzarah was identified by World Bank’s Dr. Pieter Lieftnick and he called it Skardu dam. Now usually Skardu Dam is called Katzarah, but they are two different dam sites 22 km apart.

Must read: World Bank asks Pakistan to accept neutral expert in Dam dispute

Now due to water scarcity in Pakistan, talk is going on to construct dams. If Katzarah dam is constructed it will create a reservoir up to 35 maf. It will be the biggest in the world and 6 times larger than Kalabagh or Bhasha.

It can generate power about 15,000 MW and control floods in the area by saving 35 maf of floodwater that goes into the sea and gets wasted.

Bhasha Dam

The construction of Diamer-Bhasha Dam was approved in March at an initial approx. cost of Rs625 billion. International institutions and China was hesitant to build the dam thus it will be built mostly through local finances & resources. The capital provided for this project would be taken from the country’s budget as well as from Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA). WAPDA would organize commercial funding for this project.

Again the aim of the construction of this dam is simple, to overcome water shortage in the country and boost power generation.